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NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

Student Name

Capella University

NURS-FPX 5005 Introduction to Nursing Research, Ethics, and Technology

Prof. Name:

Date

Protecting Human Research Participants

Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

The evaluation of quantitative and qualitative research involves a comprehensive analysis of each methodology’s strengths and weaknesses. Qualitative research delves into new ideas and experiences, while quantitative research measures variables and tests hypotheses. This critique assesses a quantitative research study on falls among older patients, examining its ethical implications and highlighting the significance of both research approaches for patient care decision-making.

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Quantitative Research Study

Title: The Impact of Activity Mediation on Diminishing the Fall Hazard in Older Adults: A Meta-Examination of Randomized Controlled Trials

In this quantitative study, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigates exercise interventions’ effects on reducing falls among older adults. The study’s strengths lie in its comprehensive scope, rigorous meta-analytical methodology, clear support for exercise interventions’ effectiveness, and practical implications for exercise regimes. Weaknesses include potential limitations in fully capturing intervention effects, insufficient consideration of comorbidities and economic contexts, and reliance on self-reported data.

Ethically, the study adheres to principles of informed consent, risk protection, and respect for autonomy, guided by the Belmont principles of respect, beneficence, and justice.

Significance of the Research Problem

The study addresses falls among older patients, a critical health issue with significant economic implications. Approximately 30% of individuals over 65 experience falls annually, leading to substantial healthcare costs. Evidence-based practices identified in the study could potentially improve older patients’ quality of life if integrated into healthcare policies.

Evaluation of Quantitative Study

The research informs decision-making for older patients by demonstrating the efficacy of exercise interventions in reducing fall risks. Integrating these evidence-based practices into healthcare policies can prevent physical and psychological harm associated with falls. Future studies could benefit from comparing various fall prevention strategies and incorporating diverse patient perspectives and economic considerations.

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Qualitative Research Study

Title: Put it to work, or it will quit working for you: A Subjective Investigation of The Support of Active Work in Older Adults

The qualitative study explores physical inactivity among older adults using thematic analysis. Strengths include insights into activity levels during interventions, exploration of health benefits, facilitators, barriers, and technology use in maintaining physical activity. Weaknesses include a small sample size, limited geographical scope, and inadequate exploration of economic impacts on physical activity maintenance.

Ethically, the study ensured participant consent and prioritized participant well-being.

Significance of the Research Problem

The qualitative research addresses global concerns about physical inactivity among older adults, emphasizing its impact on physical and mental well-being. Promoting physical activity can mitigate chronic disease risks and enhance overall quality of life for older adults.

Conclusion

Quantitative and qualitative research analyses are crucial for comprehensively examining research problems. Understanding the strengths, weaknesses, and ethical considerations of each methodology contributes to a nuanced approach to addressing falls among older patients. Integrating evidence-based practices from both types of research can enhance patient care decision-making.

References

Bhandari, P. (2021). A guide to ethical considerations in research. Scribbr. Retrieved from https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/research-ethics/

Cunningham, C., & O’Sullivan, R. (2020). Why physical activity matters for older adults in a time of pandemic. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-020-00249-3

Cunningham, C., O’Sullivan, R., Caserotti, P., & Tully, M. A. (2020). Consequences of physical inactivity in older adults: A systematic review of reviews and meta-analyses. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 30(5), 816–827. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13616

Florence, C. S., Bergen, G., Atherly, A., Burns, E., Stevens, J., & Drake, C. (2018). Medical costs of fatal and nonfatal falls in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 66(4), 693–698. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15304

NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

Langhammer, B., Bergland, A., & Rydwik, E. (2018). The importance of physical activity exercise among older people. BioMed Research International, 2018(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7856823

Parker, M., Pearson, C., Donald, C., & Fisher, C. B. (2019). Beyond the Belmont Principles: A community‐based approach to developing an indigenous ethics model and curriculum for training health researchers working with American Indian and Alaska native communities. American Journal of Community Psychology, 64(1-2), 9–20. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12360

Vaishya, R., & Vaish, A. (2020). Falls in older adults are serious. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics, 54(1), 69–74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43465-019-00037-x

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