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NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

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Capella University

NURS-FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

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Date

Disaster Recovery Plan

Hi! Everybody, I am Emma. I perform my duties as an experienced nurse at Tall Oaks Medical Center. I will propose a Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP) to reduce healthcare imbalances and restore community well-being.

Natural disasters such as floods, volcanic activity, and viral epidemics are more prevalent and cause severe problems for the public. Government agencies and associated organizations are responsible for managing emergency preparedness and disaster relief activities (Khan et al., 2023). This DRP improves equitable accessibility to healthcare facilities to address the challenges of flooding.

Scenario

A devastating flood on Sunday night in Tall Oaks, PA, led to a disturbing event that required the immediate execution of a DRP. The community has met several challenges due to the flooding caused by extremely high rainfall and the rise of the city’s rivers. This has made people more helpless on a socioeconomic and cultural level. Flooding has affected over 60% of housing areas, causing severe damage to societies like Pine Ridge and Willow Creek. The city’s infrastructure unveils significant difficulties for rescue operations and raises concerns about water contamination. This includes a damaged water treatment plant and blocked Tall Oaks Medical Center routes. 

Tall Oaks is home to about 50,000 persons, of whom 49% are White, 36% are Black, 10% are Hispanic, 2% are two or more races, and 3% are other races. The high school graduation ratio for those aged 25 and older is 82.5%, yet 20% of the residents live in poor conditions. The average income for a household is $62,000. The standard figure for persons 25 years and older with a graduation degree is 2.5%. The severity of this flood-related disaster underlines the crucial need for DRP for the Tall Oaks community.

Health Determinants

Floods are significant universal natural disasters. Climate and socioeconomic change impact flooding. Tall Oaks faces significant threats with substantial economic and human losses. Severe and catastrophic floods can have adverse economic, social, and environmental effects. Flood risks exceeded in the United States (US), mainly regarding people’s safety and vulnerable societies. The International Disaster Database (IDD) reports that flood disasters affected 1.66 billion individuals globally, resulting in about 123,000 deaths and estimated damages of $564 billion US (Crespo et al., 2021).

Tall Oaks faces economic difficulties; the median household income is $44,444, and 28.2% live in poverty. Additionally, the fact that 9.9% of people under 65 do not have health insurance, and 13.7% of people under 65 report having a disability. Flood damage estimation is a complex process obstructed by numerous factors, including geographic features, rainfall patterns, and the structure of flood regulators. The effects of flooding require a systematic and multidisciplinary strategy (Yu et al., 2022). 

The social effects of flooding include human fatalities, demographic movements, psychosocial health, community relationships, and area growth. The social impacts are complicated due to their diverse origins, including immaterial components that are difficult to count and diffuse across time and space. The Tall Oaks community experiences a variety of factors, including low-income levels, social support networks, education, and healthcare access (Crespo et al., 2021). Floods can have a social impact, including relocating inhabitants, destroying income, and distressing public buildings. Inadequate post-disaster aid, evacuation services, and poor social support affect DRP in the Tall Oaks community (Sanders et al., 2022).

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

Social changes meaningfully influence collaboration plans in Tall Oaks. It involves challenges like linguistic obstacles, personal dynamics, and beliefs. Reconstruction infrastructure and recovery resources become challenging tasks for struggling communities. These obstacles worsen the difficulties of recovering from floods. Strategies must be complex and multifaceted to efficiently address and reduce disaster effects (Petronijević & Petronijević, 2022). In Tall Oaks medical center, disaster recovery affects the relationships between health and the community’s social, cultural, and economic aspects.

The financial impact of these problems is noticeable since it is difficult for communities with limited resources to obtain the resources needed for recovery. It increases the burden on their ability to rebuild. These complicated determinants emphasize reducing the disaster outcomes. Tall Oaks medical center utilizes interdisciplinary methods linked to health and the community’s cultural, social, and economic fundamentals to recover from disaster (Su et al., 2021). 

Interrelationships among these Factors

Cultural, social, and economic barriers to flood recovery are tightly linked and reinforce one another. Language challenges, relationships, and beliefs are cultural differences that directly impact communities’ reactions to and interactions during recovery initiatives. These cultural differences complicate social problems like community relationships, psychosocial health, and demographic shifts. The economic aspect contributes to these difficulties because they need help to obtain the tools required for restoration and renovation (Su et al., 2021).

Due to a lack of financial resources, these communities become even more vulnerable when accessing vital information and clearing services. In addition, financial limitations affect a community’s overall ability to rebuild and recover from flooding-related disasters. Strategies for flood recovery must be inclusive and diverse, with the interaction of cultural, social, and economic factors to successfully direct and lessen the obstacles in the recovery process (Petronijević & Petronijević, 2022).

Need for Disaster Recovery Plan

Tall Oaks faced many difficulties, including food, clean water, medical staff, and transport services. Nurses can gain significant instructions after this practice and evaluate the success of rescue programs by using the MAP-IT model (Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, and Track) (Alexander, 2020). Tall Oaks Medical Center can recognize zones for perfection to ensure an efficient DRP with the help of this model.

Our DRP prioritizes community safety, requiring features like emergency migration plans, telehealth facilities, community alert systems, and first aid training. This DRP offers a systematic way to improve readiness for future calamities and repair known shortcomings following the MAP-IT model (Alexander, 2020). The steps for using the MAP-IT model to propose a DRP are defined in the following segment:

Mobilization

The Tall Oaks community forms a committed flood recovery team in the mobilization phase. This team comprises emergency services, local government, and appropriate investors to gather fundamental resources. A joint multidisciplinary team must be established to acquire food, shelter, medical supplies, and efficient collaboration throughout the recovery process (Gordon et al., 2023).

Assessment

The assessment phase carefully observes the flood’s consequences in Tall Oaks. This includes assessing the level of infrastructure damage and identifying areas with severe shortages of essential resources such as clean water, food supplies, medical workers, and transportation services. This phase also finds out the community’s social needs in terms of both physical and mental health, homelessness, and economic problems (Inegbenosun, 2021).

Planning

A comprehensive DRP is formed for Tall Oaks based on the assessment. The plan prioritizes the delivery of clean water, food, shelter, veterinary services, and transportation. It covers practices for restoring infrastructure resistant to flooding and improving community flexibility. The plan includes health staff training and resource collecting to enhance the Tal Oaks medical center’s emergency preparedness. The plan addresses hospital issues to treat waterborne infections, guarantee medicine supply, and encourage mental care (Kurlander et al., 2023).

Implementing

The strategies specified in the recovery plan are implemented during the implementation phase. This involves developing and distributing rescue plans and integrating telehealth services to offer remote medical care. It employs community alert systems to improve early warning capabilities. Flood-resistant infrastructure plans and first aid training courses are started to enable the Tall Oaks community to react efficiently to disaster (Wedig et al., 2023)

Tracking

The process of recovery requires constant observation and assessment. During the tracking phase, strategies are evaluated for efficiency, and flaws are noted. Regular community practices and training are held to ensure that locals and emergency response teams are always prepared. The tracking phase also involves getting information on the efficiency of involvements and creating modern, practical conclusions. Tall Oaks wants to build a strong DRP that cares for immediate needs and strengthens the community’s spirit (Wedig et al., 2023).

Reduction of Health Disparities

The proposed plan from Tall Oaks can diminish fitness inequalities and improve the accessibility of community well-being services. The primary attention is defensive actions such as vaccination and psychological facilities. Essential resources like nutrition, housing, and medicines are provided immediately in Tall Oaks. Modified ideas subtle to cultural distinctions and active public participation all focus on the requirements of ill-health persons. This DRP strengthens infrastructure and implements early warning structures to enhance the safety of those on the borders (Adepoju et al., 2021).

Social Equity and Cultural Understanding

The value of social impartiality is fundamental, and factors like wealth, resource accessibility, and social support systems affect the Tall Oak community’s ability to recover from disasters. Cultural norms, beliefs, and practices affect community insight into risk and disaster reaction (Yusoff & Yusoff, 2022). Social justice principles in the Tall Oak community’s DRP ensure health equity, prioritizing a fair approach to sources and addressing systemic disparities.

Various cultural situations, for example, integrating conventional remedies and language partialities, safeguard personalized results that achieve the precise requirements of the Tall Oaks public. Community fairness and social understanding help rescue from disasters by using social media, cultural customs, and local knowledge to improve disaster resilience. Tall Oaks community involves planning and making decisions to promote long-term welfare (Yusoff & Yusoff, 2022).

Effect of Governmental and Health Policies

Health policy initiatives produce a significant aid in recognizing sources of disasters. Health policies and regulations control funds are distributed to treat infections brought on by flooding, ensuring extra medical care is provided per Tall Oaks residents’ distinctive needs. Essential fundamentals include supporting medical technology advancements through research and supplies and enabling remote work options to lower exposure risks. Implementing disaster readiness and providing sufficient funding for Tall Oaks healthcare facilities are essential in enabling more practical approaches to address community issues. These steps allow healthcare systems to create safe spaces, especially for the most exposed persons (Skouloudis et al., 2020).

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) & Stafford Act

FEMA, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, plays a crucial and central role in the recovery process of the Tall Oaks flood, offering complete support to the community and government. One primary facet of FEMA’s involvement is the provision of financial assistance, covering grants to the Tall Oaks community and households obstructed by flood. These funds cover various needs, with shelter and other flood expenditures. The agency also administers public aid, a pivotal initiative providing funding to governments at multiple levels, state and local, and specific private non-profit organizations. This aid program aims to facilitate the repair, replacement, or restoration of public infrastructure that tolerates the burden of flood damage. This encompasses critical facilities such as schools and roads (Tyler et al., 2023). 

Disaster management in Tall Oaks can benefit from the Stafford Act. It gives FEMA the legal basis to organize aid and support for state and local governments in flood. The Stafford Act aids in generating federal funds and resources available to support relief efforts in Tall Oaks. This covers repairs to the public infrastructure and financial support for individuals and households. It is the basis for collaborative efforts between federal, state, and local entities to see and implement better futures for disaster recovery planning (Rosenberg et al., 2022).

National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) plays a pivotal role in the US flood insurance improvements, infrastructure, and reworking of climate risks. The NFIP was established and aimed at addressing the challenges posed by floods and providing a mechanism for economic shield to property owners and communities. These insurance funds are intended to assist in recovering and rebuilding the Tall Oaks community, mitigating the financial burden. The NFIP helps minimize economic losses by providing insurance, as floods can damage homes and businesses. Property owners in NFIP-participating communities must have flood insurance if their properties are situated in designated high-risk flood zones, promoting a proactive approach to risk reduction (Hennighausen et al., 2023)

Healthy People 2030

Healthy People 2030 is a broad initiative in the US that aims to establish national goals for enhancing population health in flood disasters. The program offers a framework for establishing measurable, directed health goals and purposes for various health factors, such as food accessibility and nutrition. The significance of its multidisciplinary and cooperative methods supports attaining health equality and enhancing health outcomes in Tall Oaks. The Healthy People 2030 framework guides conversations, strategies, and suggestions for understanding and resolving flood management in the larger public health framework (Sharareh & Wallace, 2022).

The Logical Policy Implications

Strong health policies are a top priority for governments to implement medical technology and remote work options for healthcare flexibility. Safe spaces must be created for the Tall Oaks community, strengthening disaster preparedness and adequately funding healthcare facilities. FEMA and the Stafford Act work together to optimize federal support and resource allocation for recovery processes. Positive risk reduction encourages participation in the NFIP to reduce financial losses. Incorporating the Healthy People 2030 goals emphasizes a joint strategy concentrating on fundamentals such as food accessibility, shelter, and medicine. By executing DRP with all vital aspects, governments can create robust frameworks for disaster management that will improve public health outcomes in floods (Tyler et al., 2023).

Evidence-Based Strategies to Overcome Communication Barriers

Evidence-based approaches include community involvement, technology use, well-defined action plans, and education to overcome communication barriers. The importance of regulating communication to the Tall Oaks community’s needs, language, and cultural standards is first recognized by local dialogues. This ensures the data connects successfully with the community (Li & Lin, 2023). Active participation of the community in the communication process is essential to manage disaster management effectively. Community-based organizations use participating methods such as workshops and community mediums to address specific issues and create a sense of understanding. Using technology allows the digital era to improve communication. Evidence-based strategies use social media, mobile apps, and other digital platforms to quickly and widely distribute accurate and timely information (Boyle et al., 2023).

Implications and Potential Consequences

Tall Oaks ensures that communication about flood recovery is coordinated better through various channels, creating a solid outline and encouraging cultural variation for better understanding. Community meetings, visual aids, and training for community leaders all work together to improve availability and guarantee accurate data distribution. Providing regular updates to communities and integrating feedback surveys facilitates continuous improvement and ensures flexibility in response to changing needs (Tomkins et al., 2023). Extra maintenance improved public care and made it ready for upcoming disasters. Communication barriers can have unfavorable effects, such as insufficient housing, worsened financial difficulties, and damaged public health. Poor infrastructure maintenance makes communities demoted more vulnerable to floods in the future, exacerbating social inequality. Strategic planning is crucial for prompt recovery in flood management (Tomkins et al., 2023).

Conclusion

The Tall Oaks comprehensive DRP concludes by addressing the outcome of a devastating flood and strongly emphasizing community safety, health equity, and efficient communication. The integrated approach aims to improve long-term recovery, reduce disparities, and increase resilience. Evidence-based strategies and collaboration with government initiatives drive it.

References

Adepoju, O. E., Han, D., Chae, M., Smith, K. L., Gilbert, L., Choudhury, S., & Woodard, L. (2021). Health disparities and climate change: The intersection of three disaster events on vulnerable communities in Houston, Texas. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health19(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010035

Alexander, G. K. (2020). Supporting food literacy among children and adolescents: Undergraduate students apply public health nursing principles in clinical practice. Journal of Professional Nursing36(6). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2020.08.018

Boyle, T., Boggs, K., Gao, J., McMahon, M., Bedenbaugh, R., Schmidt, L., Kori Sauser Zachrison, Goralnick, E., Biddinger, P., & Camargo, C. A. (2023). Hospital-level implementation barriers, facilitators, and willingness to use a new regional disaster teleconsultation system: Cross-sectional survey study. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance9, e44164–e44164. https://doi.org/10.2196/44164

Crespo, P., Aledo, A., Melgarejo-Moreno, J., & Vallejos-Romero, A. (2021). Adapting social impact assessment to flood risk management. Sustainability13(6), 3410. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063410

Gordon, J. R., Yack, M., Kikuchi K, Stevens, L., Merchant, L., Buys, C., Gottschalk, L., Frame, M., Mussetter, J., Younkin, S., Zimmerman, H.-J., Kirchhoff, A. C., & Wetter, D. W. (2023). Research-practice partnership: Supporting rural cancer survivors in Montana. Cancer Causes & Controlhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-023-01750-7

Hennighausen, H., Liao, Y., Nolte, C., & Pollack, A. (2023). Flood insurance reforms, housing market dynamics, and adaptation to climate risks. Journal of Housing Economics62, 101953–101953. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhe.2023.101953

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

Inegbenosun, H. (2021). Implementation of a depression screening tool at the department of radiation oncology. International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics111(3), e155–e156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2021.07.619

Khan, S. M., Shafi, I., Butt, W. H., Diez, I. de la T., Flores, M. A. L., Galán, J. C., & Ashraf, I. (2023). A systematic review of disaster management systems: Approaches, challenges, and future directions. Land12(8), 1514. https://doi.org/10.3390/land12081514

Kurlander, D., Lam, A. G., Dawson-Hahn, E., & Diego de Acosta. (2023). Advocating for language equity: A community-public health partnership. Frontiers in Public Health11https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2023.1245849

Li, Q., & Lin, Y. (2023). How can community-based organizations improve flood risk communication? A case study of China based on grounded theory. Systems11(2), 53. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems11020053

Petronijević, A., & Petronijević, P. (2022). Floods and their impact on cultural heritage. A case study of southern and eastern Serbia. Sustainability14(22), 14680. https://doi.org/10.3390/su142214680

Rosenberg, H., Errett, N. A., & Eisenman, D. P. (2022). Working with disaster-affected communities to envision healthier futures: A trauma-informed approach to post-disaster recovery planning. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health19(3), 1723. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031723

Sanders, B. F., Schubert, J. E., Kahl, D. T., Mach, K. J., Brady, D., AghaKouchak, A., Forman, F., Matthew, R. A., Ulibarri, N., & Davis, S. J. (2022). Large and inequitable flood risks in Los Angeles, California. Nature Sustainabilityhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-022-00977-7

Sharareh, N., & Wallace, A. S. (2022). Applying a health access framework to understand and address food insecurity. Healthcare10(2), 380. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10020380

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan

Skouloudis, A., Tsalis, T., Nikolaou, I., Evangelinos, K., & Leal Filho, W. (2020). Small & medium-sized enterprises, organizational resilience capacity and flash floods: Insights from a literature review. Sustainability12(18), 7437. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187437

Su, X., Shao, W., Liu, J., Jiang, Y., & Wang, K. (2021). Dynamic assessment of the impact of flood disaster on economy and population under extreme rainstorm events. Remote Sensing13(19), 3924. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13193924

Tomkins, Z., Bhandari, D., Bain, C., Borda, A., Kariotis, T. C., & Reser, D. (2023). Lessons learned from natural disasters around digital health technologies and delivering quality healthcare. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health20(5), 4542. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20054542

Tyler, J., Entress, R. M., Sun, P., Noonan, D., & Sadiq, A. (2023). Is flood mitigation funding distributed equitably? Evidence from coastal states in the southeastern United States. Journal of Flood Risk Managementhttps://doi.org/10.1111/jfr3.12886

Wedig, I. J., Phillips, J. J., Kamm, K. B., & Elmer, S. J. (2023). Promoting physical activity in rural communities during COVID-19 with exercise is medicine® on campus. ACSM’S Health & Fitness Journal27(2), 33–40. https://doi.org/10.1249/fit.0000000000000849

Yu, Q., Wang, Y., & Li, N. (2022). Extreme flood disasters: Comprehensive impact and assessment. Water14(8), 1211. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14081211

Yusoff, S., & Yusoff, N. H. (2022). Disaster risks management through adaptive actions from human-based perspective: Case study of 2014 flood disaster. Sustainability14(12), 7405. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14127405

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