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NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Student Name

Capella University

NURS-FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

Prof. Name:

Date

Health Promotion Plan

A health promotion plan carefully analyzes a community health issue, draws attention to critical needs, and gives a thorough insight into dynamics and challenges. The plan looks carefully at the details of the problem to create specific approaches and interventions. Focusing on prevention, education, and better access to healthcare, these initiatives promote an integrated approach to address particular health issues (Carroll et al., 2021). Within the community, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) emerges as a significant concern, underscoring the importance of addressing this issue. For this assessment, we will frame a health promotion plan personalized to individuals affected by HPV.

Human Papillomavirus Case Study

Elizabeth, a 22-year-old working girl, came across challenges related to HPV, initially restricted to her workplace and eventually spread to her personal life. She had been seriously damaged by HPV, which caused the virus’s link to sexual transmission and can cause social stigma, which lowers her self-esteem and social interactions. Elizabeth’s issue emphasizes the significance of focused health promotion strategies that hold workplace HPV and its broader effects on her well-being.

Analysis of Health Concerns

HPV is a sexually spread illness recognized for triggering genital warts and specific cancers, such as cervical, anal, and oropharyngeal cancer. Among sexually active adults, HPV is highly prevalent, with approximately 79 million Americans in the US alone. Beyond the physical implications, HPV can significantly affect women’s mental well-being (Cernasev et al., 2023). In addition to yearly screening, the HPV vaccine is an essential preventive measure to lower HPV infection and cancer incidence. Elizabeth’s HPV-related problems at work included stigma, discrimination, influenced social circumstances, and the need for privacy about her health.

These difficulties can affect well-being and relationships in the workplace (Cernasev et al., 2023). This health promotion plan’s target population is young working girls like Elizabeth. The health promotion plan addresses the severe concern of HPV by raising awareness, providing education, and promoting preventive measures within this specific age group.

Assumptions and Uncertainties

The assumption lies in observing HPV impacts uniformly among young working girls. It adopts the idea that a health promotion plan will effectively address the issue of victimization and enhance Elizabeth’s mental health and cognitive skills (Hildebrandt et al., 2019). However, uncertainties surround psychosomatic implications, as impacts of HPV-induced stigma, isolation, and depression vary. Diverse socioeconomic backgrounds and individual healing rates introduce uncertainties in predicting mental health outcomes in the plan. The enduring effects of illness-induced stigma and psychological well-being issues on various individuals remain unknown, paralleling the ambiguity of the enduring impact on victims (Hildebrandt et al., 2019).

Need for Health Promotion

The challenges in expressing health concerns influenced by adverse healthcare conditions and societal stigma echo concerns observed in HPV-related situations. Elizabeth fears disclosure, leading to delays in seeking treatment. In both contexts, internal stigma impacts perceptions of risk and health-seeking behaviors. Recognizing the psychological distress associated with HPV diagnoses is crucial, and these findings can be induced to understand potential challenges and coping mechanisms in individuals facing HPV-related stigma (McKenzie et al., 2023).

The consequences focus on the importance of effective health promotion initiatives that foster a safe health promotion plan for Elizabeth. HPV stands as the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection in the United States (US), giving rise to various conditions such as anogenital warts and cancers. HPV-induced diseases contribute to mortality in the US. This includes an annual occurrence of approximately 197,000 cervical precancers and 35,980 cancers attributed to HPV (Lewis et al., 2021). To address the problem, widespread HPV vaccination, and frequent screening campaigns are required. Thus, there is a need to implement an awareness program on HPV, which can lower the incidence of cervical cancers and precancers and lowers the cancer rate (Wang et al., 2020).

Factors Involved in Health Disparities

Several factors contribute to health disparities associated with sexual transmission and HPV stigma. The factors that influence unequal awareness and immunization measures are socioeconomic status, education, and access to healthcare. Diagnosis increases disparities, and disclosure follows that is influenced by cultural standards and stigmatization (Spencer et al., 2019). In specific communities, a lack of sexual health education leads to the spread of myths. The outlooks of society and the involvement of women in healthcare are not equal. Victimized patients elect not to seek medical attention, which could delay diagnosis (Lee & Cody, 2020). 

Agreed Upon Health Goals

To address Elizabeth’s HPV-related difficulties, a collaborative goal ensures that interventions are practicable, measurable, and accurate. These goals are SMART goals; SMART is Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-limited. SMART goals are focused on minimizing the virus’s adverse effects on her well-being and must be distinct and targeted (Samadbeik et al., 2020). By addressing Elizabeth’s emotional distress, social stigma, and low self-esteem, these objectives seek to empower her. She has been involved in developing these goals through collaborative discussions, ensuring her agreement and active participation in education series to empower her against its harmful effects.

  • A weekly one-hour education session will be held with Elizabeth on emotional stress due to HPV linked with sexual activity and social stigma adjacent to the virus, which leads to isolation.

This goal is specific because Elizabeth will be able to address the social stigma and emotional strains, such as fear of virus transmission, depression, and isolation caused by HPV’s link to sexual activity. It can be achieved through implementing educational programs on HPV knowledge and ways to cope, such as a healthy lifestyle and improving self-esteem (Takahashi et al., 2019). The goal’s measurability is ensured by monitoring the severity of emotional stress, her ability to communicate accurate evidence about HPV, and her degree of input in interactive activities during sessions. This goal is time-bound as completing the specified weekly one-hour education session about HPV social stigma and emotional strain to disperse her worries (Roberts et al., 2021).

  • A one-month educational training will be done to help Elizabeth learn about vaccination as a means of preventing HPV and mitigating the risk of HPV-related cancer.

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

At the end of the educational session, she can acquire various coping mechanisms that explain the importance of vaccination in preventing HPV and lowering the risk of HPV-related cancers, taking Elizabeth’s uncertainties, such as fear of vaccine side effects and misconceptions like vaccine-related infertility and vaccine composition (Yoon et al., 2021). It can be achieved by organizing educational programs on HPV vaccination and distributing brochures and pamphlets. This is measurable by a post-training quiz to ensure she can accurately be aware of the advantages of the HPV vaccine. This goal is relevant as it helps improve Elizabeth’s confidence and reduce her myths about vacations.  Elizabeth will get vaccinated without hesitation by attending session sessions within one month.

  • Two months of educational training for Elizabeth will encourage her to work in the workplace and address obstacles like discrimination, stigma, and communication difficulties. 

After this session, she will learn to set workplace rules like safeguarding employee health confidentiality that actively encourages diversity and discourages discrimination to promote a healthy culture at the workplace. These helps are crucial for self-worth and an optimistic perspective on living with HPV (Winkel et al., 2023). Elizabeth will gain the confidence to communicate effectively with her colleagues by attending sessions. The goal is time-bound because she will learn the necessary skills in two months and be able to apply them to the workplace, which will provide the basis for long-term emotional health and a positive outlook while living with HPV. The SMART objectives support HPV awareness, emotional well-being, and coping mechanisms aligning with Healthy People 2030. They support the primary objective of improving mental health and lessening the stigma associated with HPV (Callaghan et al., 2023).

Conclusion

Finally, the detailed health promotion plan for HPV that is adapted to Elizabeth’s needs uses SMART goals that center on coping mechanisms, emotional stability, and awareness. These goals, which align with Healthy People 2030, are to empower Elizabeth, lessen the harmful effects of HPV, and support her long-term resilience and mental health.

References

Abdirasulovna, Z. (2023). Human papillomavirus: A review study of the effect on the mental health of patients infected with HPV. International Research Journal of Modernization in Engineering Technology and Sciencehttps://doi.org/10.56726/irjmets36085

Abigail Ford Winkel, Chang, L., McGlone, P., Gillespie, C., & Triola, M. M. (2023). SMARTer goalsetting: A pilot innovation for coaches during the transition to residency. Academic Medicine98(5), 585–589. https://doi.org/10.1097/acm.0000000000005153

Callaghan, T., Kassabian, M., Johnson, N., Shrestha, A., Helduser, J., Horel, S., Bolin, J. N., & Ferdinand, A. O. (2023). Rural healthy people 2030: New decade, new challenges. Preventive Medicine Reports33, 102176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2023.102176

Carroll, L. D., Wetherill, M. S., Teasdale, T. A., & Salvatore, A. L. (2021). Community health improvement plans: An analysis of approaches used by local health departments. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice28(1), E291–E298. https://doi.org/10.1097/phh.0000000000001279

Cernasev, A., Alexandria Grace Yoby, & Hagemann, T. M. (2023). Increasing awareness of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for women 18–45 years of age. Women3(3), 365–373. https://doi.org/10.3390/women3030027

Cole, S., Sannidhi, D., Jadotte, Y., & Rozanski, A. (2023). Using motivational interviewing and brief action planning for adopting and maintaining positive health behaviors. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases77, 86–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2023.02.003

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Hildebrandt, T., Bode, L., & Ng, J. S. C. (2019). Effect of “lifestyle stigma” on public support for NHS-provisioned Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and preventative interventions for HPV and type 2 diabetes: a nationwide UK survey. BMJ Open9(8), e029747. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029747

Lee, A. S. D., & Cody, S. L. (2020). The stigma of sexually transmitted infections. Nursing Clinics of North America55(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2020.05.002

Lewis, R. M., Laprise, J.-F., Gargano, J. W., Unger, E. R., Querec, T. D., Chesson, H., Brisson, M., & Markowitz, L. E. (2021). Estimated prevalence and incidence of disease-associated HPV types among 15-59-year-olds in the United States. Sexually Transmitted DiseasesPublish Ahead of Printhttps://doi.org/10.1097/olq.0000000000001356

McKenzie, Shegog, R., Savas, L. S., C. Mary Healy, L. Aubree Shay, Preston, S., Coan, S., Teague, T., Frost, E., Spinner, S. W., & Vernon, S. W. (2023). Parents’ stigmatizing beliefs about the HPV vaccine and their association with information seeking behavior and vaccination communication behaviors. Human Vaccine Immunotherapeutics19(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2023.2214054

Roberts, A. E., Davenport, T. A., Wong, T., Moon, H.-W., Hickie, I. B., & LaMonica, H. M. (2021). Evaluating the quality and safety of health-related apps and e-tools: Adapting the mobile app rating scale and developing a quality assurance protocol. Internet Interventionsp. 24, 100379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2021.100379

Samadbeik, M., Fatehi, F., Braunstein, M., Barry, B., Saremian, M., Kalhor, F., & Edirippulige, S. (2020). Education and training on Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) for health care professionals and students: A scoping review. International Journal of Medical Informatics142(1), 104238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2020.104238

Spencer, J. C., Calo, W. A., & Brewer, N. T. (2019). Disparities and reverse disparities in HPV vaccination: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine, pp. 123, 197–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.03.037

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Takahashi, P. Y., Quigg, S. M., Croghan, I. T., Schroeder, D. R., & Ebbert, J. O. (2019). SMART goals setting and biometric changes in obese adults with multimorbidity: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SAGE Open Medicine7(1), 205031211985804. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050312119858042

Wang, R., Pan, W., Jin, L., Huang, W., Li, Y., Wu, D., Gao, C., Ma, D., & Liao, S. (2020). Human papillomavirus vaccine against cervical cancer: Opportunity and challenge. Cancer Letters471, 88–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2019.11.039

Yoon, S. M., Luterstein, E., Chu, F., Cao, M., Lamb, J., Agazaryan, N., Low, D., Raldow, A., Steinberg, M. L., & Lee, P. (2021). Clinical outcomes of stereotactic magnetic resonance image‐guided adaptive radiotherapy for primary and metastatic tumors in the abdomen and pelvis. Cancer Medicine10(17), 5897–5906. https://doi.org/10.1002/cam4.4139

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